According to a Danish study, women suffering from the undiagnosed celiac disease are more likely to face stillbirths and miscarriages as compared to those who never faced the disease.
The report further suggested that if the celiac disease is cured with the gluten-free diet, then the risk of carrying miscarriages and stillbirths in women comes to a normal level. To carry out the study, the researchers took the data of 6,319 pregnant women suffering from celiac disease and data of 63,166 normal pregnant women.
The study showed that there wasn’t any difference in the number of pregnancies between the women who didn’t get the celiac disease and those who did get it in the later stages of the pregnancy. The chances of pregnancy complications and miscarriages were also found similar in both cases.
The Danish study further reported that women who are diagnosed with the celiac disease in the later stages of pregnancy were 12% more likely to face miscarriage and 62% more likely to face stillbirth as compared to those expectant mothers who never diagnosed with the disease.
The study was led by Horsens Regional Hospital researcher Louise Grode. The author of the study said that with the help of the study they were able to confirm that there was no chance of adverse pregnancy in those pregnant women who diagnosed with the celiac disease before the reproductive event. And that’s why such women are treated with gluten-free diet, Grode added.
One in every 100 people have a celiac disease and people suffering from the disease are more likely to face complications like infertility, malnutrition, and lactose intolerance. Celiac disease triggers the autoimmune response in the human body by consuming gluten.
And then that response damages the body’s ability to absorb the food nutrients and also harms intestine. According to medical experts, people suffering from the celiac disease should abandon the used of gluten and avoid using wheat, rye or barley.
In an email, the author of the study said that women who are suffering from an unexplained fertility problem should test their body to check whether they are suffering from celiac disease. Researches said in Human Reproduction report that women who are diagnosed with celiac disease prior to five years to the pregnancy are 15% more likely to face adverse pregnancy.
However, the Danish study was not a controlled experiment to find out that how and why undiagnosed celiac disease affects the pregnancy. And similarly, the study didn’t show that how treating the celiac disease can save the baby.
Another thing that adds to the authenticity of the research is that it lacks in data for the two most important risk factors for infertility pregnancy – obesity and smoking. But the study still backs the previous researches and according to those, if a woman is well treated against celiac disease, then there are negligible chances that she will lose the baby due to that disease.
While commenting on celiac disease, the All India Institute of Medical Sciences researcher Dr. Govind Makharia said that women having an infertility pregnancy, and women having multiple miscarriages should definitely test for the celiac disease. In an e-mail, Makharia said that women suffering from celiac disease have a better pregnancy outcome if they able to alter the diet sooner.
The researcher from New Delhi further said that he would never recommend any women having infertility to start taking gluten-free diet unless she is diagnosed with the celiac disease. If a woman hopes to have better pregnancy outcomes just because she has taken a gluten-free diet, then she is at fault. There is no use of staying away from wheat if you are not suffering from a celiac disease.
According to many health experts, prompt testing is the most important thing to do if a woman has consecutive miscarriages. And if the celiac disease is diagnosed, change the diet to gluten-free as soon as possible to have better pregnancy outcomes.